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Which people are the happiest in China? Obviously, they were officials of all sizes and Hongding businessmen of state-owned enterprises. They are holding golden rice bowls, with the national financial support for food, clothing, housing and transportation, and gray income for them to have fun and enjoy. Over the past 30 years of China’s reform and opening up, overdraft resources, sacrifice environment and cheap labor force, and then catch up with the express train of economic globalization, have made profound changes in China’s social outlook and accumulated a large amount of wealth, it has also become the world’s second largest economy. China is also a country with high taxes and fees, with a variety of taxes and fees. Some scholars estimate that it accounts for more than 30% of the gross national product, among which, taxes are 18% and fees are 12%. However, the expenditure on people’s livelihood for social security, medical care and education only accounts for 15% of the fiscal revenue, while the achievements of reform and opening-up enjoyed by ordinary people are relatively low. Meanwhile, China is also a society with unfair distribution and unclear redistribution for the first time. State-owned enterprise executives pay year 100 multi-million, front-line staff year wages only 40 thousands or 50 thousands, is 30 times more. Different industry between workers’ income, and high year of thousands, low year 20 thousands or 30 thousands, a difference of four or five times. When the officials came back from overseas investigation, they required to be equal to the salaries of foreign officials, but they did not mention the fact that there was little difference between the salaries of other officials and workers, which was similar to the fact that China had a large population and hundreds of millions of people had never. In recent ten years, the wealth of Chinese society has been sharply divided, and it is increasingly concentrated in the hands of a few people. According to the national survey, the Gini system is 0.47, while the folk survey thinks that it has reached more than 0.6 and the international police line is 0.4. Therefore, some people say that about 10% people in China, it owns the wealth of about 90% people. China is also a country with centralized power and controlled by resource government. Private entrepreneurs have to rely on the government if they want to survive and develop. When the national situation is good, private enterprises follow the government and develop smoothly. Nowadays, with economic downturn, structural adjustment and overcapacity, many private enterprises are struggling on the line of life and death. Most of the young white class who provide technological products and engage in technological services in large and medium-sized cities become house slaves, struggling for survival and living under great pressure. Small business owners and stalls in third-and fourth-tier cities are busy and laborious every day. Due to the rising price of agricultural materials, the poor sale of grain and the declining income of farmers, many of them put aside the shortage and went out to work. Urban workers and migrant workers who are free from cities worry about finding jobs, unstable jobs and low incomes all the year round. The three new mountains of education, medical treatment and housing were too tight for them to breathe. Once a person is seriously ill or encounters a major accident, the families of these people at the bottom will be destitute as soon as possible. In sharp contrast with ordinary people, some corrupt officials not only have the superiority of the socialist system, but also enjoy the rich and wonderful material enjoyment brought by capitalism, and live a life of extravagance and extravagance. The social disparity between the rich and the poor, unfair distribution, class consolidation, numerous contradictions, separation of officials and people, difficult people’s livelihood and alienation of people have become obstacles for the country to build a harmonious society. At the beginning of the reform and opening up, Deng Xiaoping proposed that the reform included economic system and political system. And the relationship between the two is well elaborated: whether all our reforms can succeed ultimately depends on the political system reform. But over the past 30 years, we have only carried out the economic system reform, and the political system reform has basically remained unchanged. Now China is in danger of falling into the middle-income trap and powerful capitalism. The next step is to see whether the policy level can really cut a part of the cake of interest groups, spread it to the public and narrow the gap between the rich and the poor in the society. Knowing these situations makes it clear why it is difficult to leverage and make substantial progress in China’s political system reform for decades.

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