Reading

The labor union of the unit held a reading Conference. The chairman asked me to talk about the feeling of reading. I was driving Ducks to the shelves, because I didn’t read more books than everyone else. But the chairman was very overbearing. He insisted on asking me to say that I dare not say anything, so I would be reluctant to talk about my understanding and feelings about reading and recommend some books to you by the way. The concept of reading is very big no matter from extension or connotation. I Want to talk about my understanding of reading from three aspects: Why, Want and How, which is referred to as 3W for short. I. Why reading (Why) there is an old saying in my hometown that three generations do not study, which is like a litter of pigs. The key word of this sentence obviously refers to quality. Books are fragrant and elegant, the difference between those who study and those who don’t study lies in quality, so the first key word I give is quality. As for the benefits and purposes of reading, everyone has different emphases. Some are to seek a job, some are to improve their self-cultivation, some are to dispel doubts, and some are to seek an interest and hobby, some both. Zhou Enlai said: studying for the rise of China is a great ambition. Gorky said: Books are the ladder of human progress. That is a power to promote social progress. Lang Yongchun said: reading makes your heart strong. Lin Bushan said: reading makes you feel awe in your heart. (Just kidding, I can’t compare with everyone. Although it was just a joke, most people who didn’t study didn’t have a sense of reverence, so they didn’t have to be afraid of it, and often did some desperate things, even the activities of stealing chicken and dog.) Ouyang Xia Dan said: reading makes your heart full of sunshine. Montesquieu said that reading is equal to changing the lonely light in life into a moment of great enjoyment. This feeling is happy. Just like taking reading as flower cultivation, calligraphy, painting, fishing and traveling, the picture is just a happy life without any utility, just as a kind of interest and hobby, I think, this kind of reading is the real reading. So the second keyword I gave is interest. Some people say that life begins with a muddle of literacy, which is known only after reading, If you can’t read, you may not even know where to start. Others said: The more knowledge you have, the more reactionary it is. It is a kind of worry about opening people’s wisdom from a political standpoint, in order to achieve the ulterior purpose of fool the people. So we insist on reading. I remember one time when I had a heart-to-heart talk with teacher Xu, teacher Xu said, “I read only when I am bored. I remember this sentence. Most people who talk don’t read. They are very busy, busy with work and social intercourse, if you are busy with relationships, you cannot calm down and study. Many business owners got books in a large bookcase just to decorate the facade, because they couldn’t calm down to read some books and improve their quality, so they got the title of a local tyrant. You can’t calm down to study, which shows that reading is conditional, which involves the mood and environment of reading. Tao Yuanming wrote a poem in reading Thirteen Classics of mountains and seas. Meng Xia had long plants and trees, and he was surrounded by trees to help him. All birds are glad to have support, and I also love my cottage. Both ploughing and planting, I also read my books. Therefore, I suggest that you find a better environment, in line with your interests and hobbies, and also like Tao Yuanming, to read my books after work. Second, What books to read (What) modern network information is very developed, and any book can be found on the Internet, but personally I think narrowly that the internet is only information for me; As for TV, I think watching TV is a passive acceptance, while reading is an active thinking. Therefore, I still like the smell in paper books and the faint ink fragrance floating out, which is very intoxicating. So what books do you read? This is just like what Shakespeare said in the Prince’s Avengers: in the eyes of one thousand people, there are one thousand Hamlet. There are too many books, and everyone has his own reading preference. When I visited the bookstore occasionally, if I didn’t prepare for the selection of books in advance, I would always stay in the room when I saw books full of books. Because there are so many books that you can’t start. As for the classification of books in bookstores, there are teaching aids, books of various majors, reference books, books of natural science and social humanities. I read a lot, focusing on social sciences and religion, history, philosophy and literature in Social Sciences. In literature, I used to like reading novels and poems, and some famous works at all times and in all countries have been dabbled in. Now I have no patience to read these books. A few years ago, I bought a book named recalling the past years written by Proust. I haven’t finished reading it so far. This may have something to do with age, mentality, and even the transfer of interest, but I have read “ghost blows the lamp” and “grave robbing notes” with great interest. I have read A Dream of Red Mansions more than ten times, and I think it is worth reading for a lifetime. In the aspect of literature, books focusing on literature review, such as A Dream of Red Mansions, I have collected comments from Hu Shi, Yu Pingbo, Zhou Ruchang, Wang Meng, Liu Xinwu and even Yan Hong. In terms of religion, I have read some ancient books and records of Buddhism and The Complete Book of the New and Old Testament of Christianity, and have also learned some origins of Taoism in China. As for philosophy, I have read the history of Western philosophy in my early years, Nietzsche’s “charatula Stella said so”, Marx Weber’s Complete Book, and Spengler, Jung, the books of Freud, Kant and others are hard to read; For Chinese philosophy, I suggest you read Feng Youlan’s “A Brief History of Chinese Philosophy” and some thoughts of Lao Zhuang. Ji Xianlin and Zhang Dainian jointly recommended a book named reading classics with famous artists. This book is also good, such as the interpretation of Zhuangzi, if combined with Zhuangzi’s “South China Sutra” to read, it will have more flavor. Mr. Chuang Tzu is very good at telling stories, and he is an interesting person. There are also interesting articles in Wei and Jin dynasties and essays in late Ming Dynasty. The character of Wei and Jin Dynasty, Chen Yinque’s book “lecture record on the history of Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties” left when he was lecturing in Tsinghua University, should explain clearly what covered Wei and Jin dynasties. The sketches of late Ming dynasty basically inherited the thoughts of Lao Zhuang and Wei and Jin dynasties. The scholars of late Ming Dynasty were very interesting. For example, Zhang Dai, who had been drunk for ten years, went to the Huxin Pavilion to see the snow. How beautiful it was. In addition, Yuan Hongdao, the third yuan of the public security bureau, described in the article “The story of fighting chicken in the Mountain” that children saw two chickens fighting, and when they saw the big chickens bullying the chickens, they felt angry and stood up, help chickens fight big chickens, Its shape is vivid and vivid, which reflects a taste of life. I once bought a set of four volumes of “Hundred Years of National scholars” on the Internet, which basically talked about some people in the 34 s of the Republic of China. Compared with the book “professor of United Nations Association”, I went to see Jin Yuelin, I also think it is quite interesting. Mr. Jin Yuelin was not only persistent in love, but also an interesting person. He once raised a big rooster, which often stretched its neck to the table to have dinner with him and compete for food. Mr. Zhou acted willingly and directly followed the figures of Wei and Jin dynasties. So the third key word I gave is interest. May everyone be an interesting and emotional person. In Mao Zedong’s words, be a person who breaks away from vulgar taste. In short, there are a lot of books. How to choose depends on your own interests and reading preferences. Third, How to read (How) Zhu Xi said that the method of reading lies in gradual progress, reading carefully and thinking carefully. It depends on what kind of books you read. Some books can be read roughly, while some books need intensive reading. I remember a teacher in charge of my senior high school once said that there are two ways to study: specialization and proficiency. If you are specialized in a certain subject, just like a doctor, you can stand on the top of the mountain and see all the small mountains at a glance; another kind is to read a lot of books, and when you read enough, you can also achieve mastery. I can’t be specialized, but I can read as much as possible. As for how to study, everyone has his own way. Personally, I think that reading should absorb the essence of it and use it for myself, that is to say, we should have some insights. If you read too many books but can’t turn them into your own thoughts and thoughts, if it can’t be transformed into one’s own actions, it will become the book bag that people often say. To paraphrase what Confucius said in “university”, we should do it in virtue of the Ming Dynasty, in favor of the people and in perfection. Of course, I have my own understanding of the morality proposed by Confucius. I think that morality has the characteristic of immeasurability. Everyone has his own moral standard, so there is no moral bottom line, therefore, there is no so-called breakthrough problem. If we insist on the moral bottom line, it is a matter regulated by law, such as stealing, killing, setting fire and so on. So I think in modern society, at the present stage, under the condition of market economy, we should emphasize the spirit of contract, democracy and the rule of law. What I mean is to take this opportunity to explain that reading should form one’s own understanding and viewpoint, and be consistent in words and deeds. In Confucius’s words, it is called Shendu. What is cautious independence? My understanding is that both someone and nobody are present, and you are the same. So the fourth key word I gave was Shendu. Reading not only requires reading books with positive energy, but also some books with negative tones. Only in this way can we grasp problems comprehensively, just like the essays of Lu Xun and Li Ao, or the ugly Chinese book written by Mr. Bai Yang. I have bought “the trap of Chinese modernization” written by Mr. Wu Qinglian and “the trap of Chinese history and culture” written by duanmuci incense, and I think they are all good books. I like literature, so I recommend two more books to you. One is from Kafka to Kundera written by Professor Wu Xiaodong of Peking University. One is from literati to scholars written by Professor Chen Pingyuan of Peking University. These two books teach people how to appreciate literary works. Reading actually needs communication, training and debate. Socrates, a famous ancient Greek philosopher, once stood on the street to find someone to debate. He communicated with each other in the process of debate and tempered each other in the process of communication. Of course, if we stand on the street now and pull others to debate, they will definitely call you crazy. Therefore, the Reading exchange activities organized by the chairman prevented us from becoming crazy. This reminds me of the interaction between American students and teachers to discuss all kinds of possibilities of problems; In contrast, our country’s duck-feeding education has only standard answers, which is impossible. The result is obedience to authority and lack of creativity. It makes people feel helpless and sad. A friend of Socrates asked for a visa in the temple of Delphi. He said, “God, is there anyone smarter than Socrates? The answer he got was No. Socrates was very surprised when he knew it, because he felt that what he knew was really very little, so he visited all the politicians, scholars, who were famous for their wisdom in Athens, poets and craftsmen, unfortunately, these people are satisfied with their professional knowledge and self-righteous. So what is the real wisdom? Does Socrates mean that we should face the infinite world like children? Because Mencius said: Adults and Gentlemen do not lose their pure heart. Pascalle said: wisdom brings us back to childhood. The Bible says: If you don’t turn back to be a child, you must not go to heaven. So the fifth key word I gave is Tong Zhen. (Welcome panned. Thank you!) Praise on January 21st, 2015 (prose editor: Jiangnan wind) snow elimination in spring Spring elimination snow, multi-the yao nian, unspoken. Reading from afar, it is just above that snowfield. The snow is really beautiful, after all it is spring… Waiting Waiting is a kind of persistence, sticking to a certain belief and never giving up. Maybe because of a certain commitment, or because of a certain… Be good at listening to different voices and opinions On October 6th, I published a travel essay: “beautiful autumn scenery”, which was obtained by many literary websites… Read The Bridges of Madison County “When the white moth spreads its wings, you can come to me at any time”. I think, if I am a man, be accepted… From today on, I want to be happy I read “the biography of Hulan River” long time ago, and I remember that I was really in a heavy mood for a long time. Which characters caused me… Sick time I sneezed one after another these days. I said someone was reading me and others said I was sick. Finally, the doctor also said I was…